I was reading 세상에 너를 소리쳐 a few days ago and came across a particle I wasn’t familiar with: 로서. Obviously 로 is used in a variety of situations, but what I wasn’t sure if 로서 was used in a similar way or if it was completely unrelated to 로. So I did a bit of research and came across an English blog post that did quite a poor job of explaining how to use 로서, 로써, 로인하여 and then went on to conclude that 로서, 로써, 로인하여, as well as 므로 could just be replaced by 로 colloquially. Well, that sounded a bit suspicious so I brought up the question with CoreanBigSis on Twitter and, sure enough, that was incorrect. As 언니 explained to me, there are SOME situations where 로 can colloquially replace the other particles and some situations where it simply cannot. So, I googled something in Korean about those particles and came up with a really excellent explanation on when to use 로서 vs 로써 (which, I assume, are mixed up quite often by native speakers. Like when English speakers mix up “your” and “you’re”).
When I just can’t find good explanations of more advanced (?) Korean grammar points in English, I resort to searching for explanations in Korean. I’ve also started to use the 국어 사전 more these days to look up words I don’t know (and to learn new words while I’m at it!) Anyway, I’ve begun compiling a list of Korean grammatical terms that’ll hopefully make it easier to understand dictionary entries and grammar explanations in Korean. I’ll probably add more to this list in the future but here’s what I have so far.
Edit: I decided to make a separate page for this topic.
Anybody else out there watching 49일? I’m enjoying it so far. It’s nothing spectacular, but it’s entertaining and… I don’t know if the dialogue is relatively simple or if my Korean is getting better but I’m starting to realize that I don’t need to rely on subtitles as much anymore! But then, when I inadvertently start to glance away from the subtitles, I freak out and look down at them again (it’s like riding a bicycle – the instant you realize you’re riding without training wheels, you start wobbling again.)
So, until recently, I was really confused about the whole seal thing. What was the seal? (I kept imagining the old-fashioned way of sealing letters – you know, with hot wax and a signet ring). Why was the seal important? Why did Ji Hyun mix it up with a tube of lipstick? What does it have to do with her land? Why are Min Ho and In Jung trying to steal it??? So I decided to do some research on the 인감도장 (“registered personal seal”) that the characters kept obsessing over and now I think I have a fair idea of why it’s so important.
I learned that the personal seal, used in Japan, Korea, and China, is equivalent to a signature on an official document. Although, “equivalent” might not be the right word here since many documents can require both a signature AND a registered seal to be considered “valid.” Apparently, there are different types of 도장 (personal seals) of different levels of legal importance. The 인감도장 is officially registered and is used for more important business transactions. So basically, in the context of 49일, Ji Hyun’s land (which was part of the business deal Min Ho was trying to close) couldn’t be sold without her seal on the documents. And the reason Ji Hyun mixed it up with a tube of lipstick is… well, it really looks like a tube of lipstick (not a ring like I thought, haha).
Anyway, this is just something I found interesting because I’ve never heard about it before (forgive my poor Westernized education) and I don’t really know anything about it, so feel free to correct me if there are any mistakes. And, GO WATCH 49일!
Where I live, we don’t have four seasons.
In the summer, it gets very hot and stays warm until the end of November. Then, out of the blue, in the middle of December we get sleet and ice. It stays cold through February and then BAM one day in the middle of March it gets up to 80 degrees Fahrenheit (27 deg. Celsius). Then it proceeds to get hotter and hotter through the summer. While I was walking around in short sleeves last week, I heard (through Twitter) that it was raining and snowing in Korea. SNOW. IN MARCH.
My friend Jeannie said it was 꽃샘추위. I wasn’t entirely sure what that was so I looked it up and found that it’s roughly translated as “spring frost.” Well, I wasn’t entirely satisfied with that explanation so I found an article about on (the Korean) Wikipedia:
꽃샘추위는 초봄에 날씨가 풀린 뒤 다시 찾아오는 일시적인 추위를 가리키는 고유어이다. 꽃이 피는 것을 시샘하는 듯이 춥다고 해서 이 이름이 붙었다. 꽃샘추위가 오면 갑자기 쌀쌀해진 날씨에 사람들은 옷을 두껍게 입고 다닌다. 꽃샘추위는 시베리아 고기압에 의한 것이다. 즉 겨울의 한기는 시베리아에서 유입되며 겨울에 시베리아 고기압의 영향을 받는 곳(중국이나 일본)에서도 꽃샘추위 비슷한 늦한기가 있다. 일본에도 ‘하나비에(はなびえ)’라는 유사한 뜻의 단어가 있다.
꽃샘추위 (kkot saem chuwi) is a word native to Korea that refers to the brief spell of cold weather that comes around in early spring after it gets warm. The name stuck because it was said that the cold is jealous of the flowers blooming (Translation note: 꽃 = flower; 샘 = jealousy; 추위 = cold). During 꽃샘추위, the weather gets suddenly chilly and people go out wearing bulky clothes. 꽃샘추위 is due to the high atmospheric pressure from Siberia. That is to say, while the chill of winter comes in from Siberia, when it is winter in Siberia, the places affected by the high atmospheric pressure (China and Japan) also experience a later chill similar to 꽃샘추위. In Japan, “hanabie” is a word of similar meaning.
I am fairly certain we don’t have anything like the Korean “spring frost” over here, but this entire week is COLD. (Relatively at least). It was in the 70s and 80s last week and this week it’s 20 degrees colder, rainy, and windy. The weather has been really schizophrenic this year.
I supposed I should get used to the cold, though. Chances are I will be in a much colder place come this fall, wherever graduate school might take me.
Compared with my reading and listening comprehension skills, my Korean composition skills are pretty much laughable. I tried to translate a relatively simple English song into Korean and while I think I got the grammar right, I managed to suck all the emotion out of the lyrics. Sigh. Anyway, I’ve been trying to improve my writing ability by commenting on TTMIK, tweeting some native Korean speakers, and emailing my Korean penpal, Dina.
Dina (her Korean name is 도희) and I have been penpals for about a year now. She was actually my younger sister’s friend back when they were both in the 1st and 2nd grade here in the States, but she moved back to Korea at the end of 2nd grade. She’d been in touch with my sister and when my sister mentioned my interest in the Korean language, she immediately said she wanted to be penpals with me. So we’ve been emailing back and forth since then and it’s amazing how my emails have progressed from being half in English, half in Korean to almost 100% Korean.
We talk about random things. Mostly about things like school, food, and the weather. I also learn a lot of interesting words and slang and emoticons from her as well. For example “바2” and “빠빠이” are both cute ways to say “bye.” Once I tried to fangirl about boybands (i.e. Big Bang) with her but clearly she’s more mature than I am because she said:
나는 boyband에 관심은 없지만, 빅뱅이 좋아~~ 언니는 멤버 중에서 누가 제일 좋아?? 한국 친구들은 빅뱅 중에서 g-dragon을 제일많이 좋아해!
관심 없다고?! How is that possible? Haha.
I love being an 언니 to my Korean penpal and I hope we can stay friends for a very long time!
I’m a huge proponent of learning a language through translation. In fact, most of the vocabulary and grammar structures I know now are thanks to my attempts to learn Korean by “translating” K-pop songs. Not only did I learn new things, I also figured out what the song meant! But, please note, these are all still amateur translations. A successful translation captures both the meaning and style of a work and if you use translation as a means to learn a language, you can only hope to master one aspect at the beginner level (meaning). Once you’ve mastered the language (if there is such a thing), you can learn to capture the style of the original work as well.
I am currently SUPER EXCITED because the Korean novels that I bought online last week just arrived in the mail a few days ago! On Shanna’s recommendation, I bought Big Bang’s biography 세상에 너를 소리쳐! I’ve already paged through a bit of it and I’m surprised how much I can understand. It’s awesome getting to know more about my favorite K-pop boys AND learn some new Korean words while I’m at it. Obviously reading prose like this is more complicated than reading 만화 so it’s sometimes a challenge getting through long, dependent-clause heavy sentences. But for a beginner, this can be great reading practice. I also bought 성균관 유생들의 나날 volume 1 – the novel that inspired one of my most favorite dramas ever Sungkyunkwan Scandal (KBS 2010). I’ve read a couple pages of this novel and I already know it’s WAY beyond my reading level. I’m usually okay with the dialogue bits but in the prose, I have to literally look up every other word. But it’s okay. I’m sure it’ll get better as my Korean improves.
I bought both of these books from HanBooks, a division of AladinUS which is the largest online Korean bookstore in the U.S., catering to Korean Americans who want to purchase products in their native language. The only issue with AladinUS is that the entire website is in Korean which may be difficult for some people to navigate. The HanBooks site, on the other hand, is entirely in English. You can find a variety of products – everything from popular Korean novels (written in Korean of course), 만화책, dramas, music, electronic dictionaries (like the iRiver Dicple), and even Korean language learning material. This site is a dream come true for people like me who aren’t willing to drive two hours to get to their nearest Koreatown bookstore. And although the pricing is in USD, it is possible for them to ship outside of the U.S. as well. More info:
- You can purchase pretty much any book, CD, DVD, etc. sold in Korea.
- If they don’t have it, you can get them to import it for you.
- Great customer service!
- FAST (if you live in the U.S.). Although it states on the website that your order ships between 5-10 days, my order was shipped in 3 days and I received it 2 days later.
- I was really excited about this: You can buy individual books from a book set. For example, 성균관 유생들의 나날 was actually packaged as a 2 volume set. I only wanted one volume so I just stated that in the “comments” section of the order form and the cost and S&H were adjusted accordingly.
- Products arrived in great condition. They were even bubble-wrapped even though they were just books.
- Pricey. The products are a bit more expensive than what they would originally cost in Korea and the shipping and handling cost is a bit high too.
- The website is outdated. Sometimes it’s hard to tell if certain products are in stock or not.
Overall, I give this store 4.9/5 stars!! It’s really great. I was so impressed with the speed of their delivery and the quality of the products. I’m looking forward to buying more from them in the future.
Obviously it takes more effort to read something in a foreign language and learn from it. I read through a single chapter about three times. The first time I read just to see what I can pick up – which is surprisingly a good deal! (Sometimes if I can understand enough to be able to fill in the rest with context clues and pictures, I’ll just continue reading the next chapter but this is a bad way to study). The next read-through, I’ll have my dictionary with me and I look up every word I don’t know and write it down in my vocabulary notebook. I’ll also occasionally look up some grammar points if I’m not sure of them. The third time, I mentally “fill-in” the words I looked up in the dictionary in their appropriate places and read for overall comprehension. It’s a very long and tedious process and, no, it’s not worth trying to memorize every word you looked up in the dictionary. But the great thing is that certain characters will have a distinct way of speaking and you start to pick up the words and expressions they use a lot. You’ll start retaining more and more new words and your vocabulary will grow.
One of the best things about 만화 is that a lot of them were originally webcomics, which means you can read them online for free! Check out these two that were also made into popular dramas:
Rote memorization would probably be the simplest way of learning a new alphabet. Take some flashcards, write the character on the front, sound on the back, and then drill yourself until it’s branded into your memory. I tried this with the Japanese syllabaries and it worked. I tried it with Hangeul and failed miserably. No matter how many times I went through it, I would get ㅏ and ㅓmixed up, ㅗ and ㅜ mixed up and, sometimes, if the cards flipped directions as I shuffled them, I would get all four mixed up with each other. With Hiragana/Katakana I could make a sort of visual-auditory connection because the letters looked so different but Korean was too difficult. So, I ended up learning Hangeul in a weird, roundabout, organic kind of way without really TRYING to learn it through rote memorization.
That’s a question I get a lot these days, especially at graduate school interviews. Why Korean? I have no family ties to Korea, I don’t live in a place populated by a lot of Koreans (and those who are Korean prefer to communicate in English), and I don’t plan on visiting or living in Korea any time soon. Sure, there are K-dramas and K-pop which I love and obsess over 26 hours a day but that’s not the reason I started learning Korean. So what was it exactly? I’m not even sure I know myself.